Future technologies: how to use 5G in Kazan

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Tat Center and Tele2 answer questions about the most advanced technology and next-generation connectivity.

The concept of 5G implementation appeared in the world more than seven years ago, and the first commercial networks were launched in 2017 in several cities in America. As of the end of 2020, according to GSMA Intelligence, 5G networks were commercially available from over 100 operators in 46 markets around the world. In Russia, 5G was tested a little more than five years ago, and today the technology is available for testing to mass users in Kazan.

How does 5G work?

The new cellular standard uses extremely high frequencies ranging from 30 GHz to 300 GHz – they can provide high network capacity and significantly faster data transfer rates.

Interest in technology is fueled by the ever-increasing penetration of smartphones and the traffic consumers themselves – people and economies. It is no longer enough for subscribers to simply surf quickly in instant messengers and social networks, load heavy photos, listen to podcasts or watch videos without failures.

People consume mobile traffic every day and around the clock, are more actively using digital services and services, for example, in healthcare and education, they themselves form a competitive economy of cities, regions and countries, which is impossible without the Internet of things, a safe urban environment, unmanned vehicles and “smart” factories.

According to GSMA Intelligence forecasts, 5G penetration in Russia will reach 20% by 2025. Next year, residents of most Russian million-plus cities will be able to test the technology. Pilot networks of the new standard have already been launched in the center of Moscow and St. Petersburg. And to test the possibilities of 5-jitalization in Kazan, it is enough to go down the metro.

5G on the subway, are you serious?

5G is the latest technology, and its capabilities are now being studied by industry experts, potential industrial customers and ordinary users. And if the latter in technology is attracted mainly by speed – peak values ​​in the Kazan subway reach 3.8 Gaps, then business and the state will be able to solve specific problems with the help of 5G. For example, equip metro lines with a platform space control system, install an obstacle detection system on trains, and launch the first unmanned metro in Russia in Kazan by 2025.

“It is already obvious that with the full launch of 5G networks, the technology will radically improve the metro infrastructure,” says Dmitry Savino, technical director of the Kazan branch of Tele2. – The object has a complex communications system and architecture. It is distinguished by high traffic and strategic importance for the city and the republic. The famous 5G triad – large capacities, speeds, minimum latency – allows metro services to be developed with this specificity in mind. In the future, 5G networks will make the metro safer and more comfortable. ”

Demetrio Russo, Nokia’s vice president for Eastern Europe, says 5G has huge potential.

“In the context of digitalization, the transition to wireless management of critical infrastructure, the introduction of the Internet of things and the use of a virtual environment, 5G networks are becoming the foundation of the digital economy. Unlocking the enormous potential of 5G networks requires the open collaboration of the industry ecosystem at all stages of technology adoption. The project in Kazan is an excellent example of such interaction. ”

How can the new standard be used?

In Tatars tan, not only Tele2 subscribers can test 5G. Subscribers of other operators, as well as owners of devices that do not support the new technology, can connect to the network via Wi-Fi.

According to Dmitry Savino, the 5G signal is available at all stations of the Kazan metro, while the central “test area” is the platforms and the entrance group of the Kremlin station.

“Here, instead of the usual LTE network, the smartphones of Tele2 subscribers will automatically register in the pilot 5G network. Users of conventional devices – subscribers of any operators – can connect to the fifth generation technology via Wi-Fi routers.

Can you connect to 5G from any smartphone?

No. A number of models of the brands iPhone, Samsung, Motorola do not support 5G. The reason is the presence in them of a list with codes of operators that do not have 5G networks in commercial operation (and in Russia there are no commercial fifth-generation networks in principle). According to this list, a telephone manufacturer blocks access to the 5G network, even if the device itself technically supports the standard.