The Russian government has transformed the concept of end-to-end technologies into “high-tech areas” (HTH)/”high-tech areas” (WTO).
which also included some of the former end-to-end technologies. The development of the VTN/WTO, of which there are five so far, is fully entrusted to state corporations, and the TPP – a total of 16 – due to their maturity, it was decided to give at the mercy of the open market.
This list has since been updated. For example, in May 2019, the Presidium of ANO Tsifrovaya economical reduced the list of end-to-end technologies to six, throwing out big data, the industrial Internet, robotics components and sensors.
Then the term “end-to-end technologies” migrated to the federal project “Digital Technologies”, which became one of the elements of the “Digital Economy” program.
In the public sphere, the concept of “high-tech areas” in a new context was first heard on December 10, 2020 at a meeting of Russian President Vladimir Putin with members of the government of the Russian Federation, which was called “On the development of certain high-tech areas” (see the editorial on Comes dated December 14, 2020 .).
At the same time, the very term “high-tech areas” (HTH) and “high-tech areas” (WTO) did not appear yesterday. In May 2019, Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Asimov said that it is large Russian business that “should and can become the main participant in the development of high-
tech industries in the Russian Federation.” The Government of the Russian Federation proposed to give authority to develop and adopt roadmaps for the development of high-tech areas to a number of large Russian state-owned companies (see Comes news of May 31, 2019).
1484-r, which provided for the signing of agreements of intent with state corporations (and companies with state participation) “in order to develop certain high-tech areas.” The initiator of the signing of such agreements between the Russian government and state corporations is the Ministry of Economic Development.
In this document, an equal sign is put between the concepts of VTN and WTO. Clause 1 says that agreements with state-owned companies are signed “in order to develop certain high-tech areas”, and the titles of the attached draft agreements with each of them refer to high-tech areas.
Already on July 10, 2019, such agreements of intent for the development of high-tech areas were signed with Rostom State Corporation – on the WTO “Technologies of new materials and substances” and “Quantum Computing”, with Russian Railways JSC – “Quantum Communications”.
with the State Corporation Roster – “Quantum sensors”, “Internet of things” and “Distributed register technologies”, with PJSC “Sberbank” – “Artificial intelligence”, and Roster together with PJSC “Rostelecom” was entrusted with the development of the WTO “Mobile communication networks fifth generation”. Thus, the government has fixed eight high-tech areas (directions).
As a Comes correspondent was told at the Ministry of Digital Development, Telecommunications and Mass Communications (Mints fry), five roadmaps in high-tech areas have been approved so far: “Quantum Computing”, “Quantum Communications”, “Fifth Generation Mobile Communications Networks”.
“Internet of Things” and ” Distributed Ledger Technologies”. Thus, until now they have not been able to coordinate the roadmaps of Sberbank – on artificial intelligence favored at the highest political level of Russia, Roster – with VTN “Quantum Sensors”, and Rostom – with VTN “Technologies of New Materials and Substances”. At the same time, three roadmaps – in the areas of “Quantum Sensors”, “Distributed Registry Technologies” and “Technology of New Materials and Substances” – came under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
The Ministry of Digital Development stressed that all state-owned companies have undertaken co-financing of the road maps. In particular, in the Quantum Computing direction, Rostom accepted 50% of the costs, in the Quantum Communications, Russian Railways will provide 40% of the funding, and 50% of the costs under the 5G roadmap will be borne by Roster and Rostelecom. The remaining 50-60% of funding (depending on the direction) will be covered by the federal budget.
“Neurotechnology’s and artificial intelligence”. And on September 27, 2019, the Presidium of the Government Commission approved the seventh roadmap – for the SDT “Wireless Communication Technologies”. In October 2019, the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications (the former name of Mintsifra) published all seven roadmaps for the development of end-to-end digital technologies (see Comes news of October 14, 2019).
Andrey Chukrasin, Head of the Analytical Department of the Data Management Department of the Analytical Center under the Government of the Russian Federation, told a Comes correspondent that according to the approved roadmaps, the activities laid down in them are being carried out.
If they are re-submitted for consideration, if they are agreed, the activities of the road maps will be carried out within the time limits laid down in them. , as well as clarifying the amount of necessary funds from the federal budget,” Andrey Chukrasin explained.
The press service of the Roster Group of Companies told Comes that, within the framework of an agreement with the Russian government, Roster has developed draft roadmaps for the Internet of Things, Distributed Registry Technologies, Quantum Sensors, Fifth Generation Mobile Communications Networks, New production technologies” and “New generations of microelectronics and creation of electronic component base”.
“Today, the roadmaps “Internet of things”, “Distributed registry technologies” and “Mobile communication networks of the fifth generation” have been approved. Regardless of the stage of approval of roadmap projects, due to the rapid development of technologies, the corporation, together with the expert community and market participants, is working to update and refine the activities of previously developed draft roadmaps.
Competence centers for the development of relevant high-tech areas are created and operate within the corporation. The corporation also takes an active part in the reform of development institutions together with VEB.RF, in particular, from Roster proposals on the inclusion of candidates for participation in the management bodies of development institutions, – the press service of Roster explained.
The press service of the state corporation Rostom, in response to a request from Comes, noted that, in accordance with the agreement of intent concluded between the government of the Russian Federation, Rostom and Roster, these corporations developed a draft roadmap for the development of the high-tech area in Russia “New production technologies”.
“The draft roadmap on December 31, 2020 was sent by letters of the Ministry of Digital Development to the interested federal executive authorities and organizations for approval. Based on the results, its subsequent approval is planned in the prescribed manner by the Presidium of the Government Commission,” the press service of Rostom said.