Google CEOs Eric Schmidt, Larry Page and Sergey Brin in the Internet company’s self-driving car. Recently, Google received permission to test such cars on US federal roads. Some statisticsf
1000 Approximately as many microchips are installed in a mid-range car today. The driver is often not even aware of this, since most of the microcircuits are hidden in electronic engine control systems and their work is not accompanied by the activation of any indicators.
However, powerful on-board computers and large information displays are now a kind of bait for potential buyers of new cars. For example, Audi’s designers rely on modular systems to cost-effectively replace rapidly obsolete components. Be that as it may, the next generation of on-board computer systems must have the processing power of a modern multimedia laptop.
120 Such a number of vehicles equipped with next-generation security systems have been tested since the summer of 2012 in the vicinity of the city of Frankfurt, the main European testing ground for real-world testing of communication technologies between cars, codenamed Car-to-X (C2X). The warning and safety systems, which are already used in BMW cars today, help the driver in traffic jams, and take control in critical situations.
Such a system will help inform the driver about the danger more accurately and more timely than any navigation device. And in the next ten years, perhaps, the control of the car will be completely transferred to the computer. In the state of Nevada (USA), in May of this year, the first license for the right to use a car without a driver was issued, and Google became its owner. In Europe, several consortiums are involved in the technical capabilities of such systems, which are testing as part of the sit project. No later than 2015, based on experiments, enough data will be accumulated to bring the C2X technology to the market and guarantee the safety of car owners.
In 2010, American scientists managed to connect to a car through a keyless entry system and cause false information to appear on its instruments. In the US, the US House of Representatives is likely to decide on the installation of black boxes in vehicles from 2015, similar to those used in aviation. They will record at least 15 vehicle operation parameters. In addition, with an increase in the degree of equipping cars with modern electronics, identifying the culprit in an accident is much more complicated. In Europe, the Car-2-Car Communication consortium is busy with safety and legal issues that need to be resolved before new technologies are offered to the mass market.
Driving Due to the presence of a large number of indicators and electronic devices in a modern car, a person behind the wheel faces a problem: he is either excessively distracted from the traffic situation, which does not contribute to safe driving, or he completely relies on the yet imperfect automation. To facilitate control and interaction with the machine, according to a representative of the Audi concern, should be the intuitive use of instruments and the simplest possible driving.
Concepts of information security Many future technologies will function due to the fact that cars, united in a common network, will begin to “talk” with each other. A Volkswagen spokesman told CHIP: “Together with other automakers, we are preventing attacks on the computer “stuffing” of the car, as well as the very possibility of spying on cars in a single network.”
Individualization In a situation where a large amount of information falls on the driver while driving, it is important to consider the presence of filters that allow you to filter out unnecessary data. Speech recognition systems, such as those found in smartphones, are developing at an accelerated pace today, but they will be used only where it really makes sense. “Our goal is not to introduce automation for the sake of automation itself,” says a spokesman for BMW.
Efficiency A concept called Green Driving, in which cars cause minimal environmental damage, has become an overarching trend that will be pushed even further thanks to intelligent driver assistance systems. According to Daimler engineers, the inclusion of cars in a single network will reduce exhaust emissions and reduce the number of traffic jams. And smart driver assistants, which optimize acceleration and braking, will also help save the family budget.
What should the car of the future be able to do?
The car of the future will be able to make decisions independently and communicate with other road users via wireless networks. The driver, if he is at all able to intervene in the driving process, will point out to the car the hidden sources of danger. Whether this will allow a person to relax behind the wheel is still the subject of research by scientists.
They will display warnings, traffic conditions and obstacle distances in full color.
Combining displays The smartphone is synchronized with the car’s on-board computer, and the gadget itself is charged wirelessly using an induction charger.
Car-To-X Technology With the new IEEE 802.11p wireless networking standard, your car will become an information center on wheels. All route information will be transmitted to a specialized network for exchange with other road users and will be available at a distance of several hundred meters around a moving car.
Keyless car Smartphones with an NFC module take over the functions of the key and instruct the car to adjust the driver’s seat and play the desired content of the on-board multimedia system.
Self-driving car The traffic jam assistant brakes and accelerates the car independently.