China’s advances in technology could make it a leader in the coming digital age

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“I am 5 years old, my height is 1.3 meters, my weight is 63 kilograms. I am carefree, I love jogging and tai chi, I am well versed in Chinese chess, calligraphy and I can draw. other…”.

This is how the Walker X robot presents itself. He made his debut at the IV World Conference on Artificial Intelligence and immediately got into the spotlight.

Robotics is an area that today is of fundamental importance for the development of modern production, the qualitative transformation of everyday life. Technological companies around the world are fully implementing all new scientific and technical projects in this direction.

Science and technology innovation is at the core of China’s development, enhancing national strength.  Domestically produced mobile phones, 5G network, breakthroughs in areas such as quantum information have demonstrated to the world China’s creative potential, its research and development capabilities.

2.44 percent of GDP was allocated for this sphere. Of this amount, 6.09 percent is earmarked for basic research. The annual growth of this item of expenditure amounted to 15.6 percent.  The country has become the global leader in the number of patents, both national and international, filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty.  All this, together with nearly $980 billion worth of exports of high-tech products, makes China the scientific and technological backbone of the world.

The priority of independence, the development of science and technology was approved in the 14th Five-Year Plan for Socio-Economic Development and in the Development Goals until 2035 adopted by the 5th Plenum of the 19th CPC Central Committee. Critical, key technologies for the state cannot be truly acquired by waiting or by acquiring them from other countries. You can get them only through your own independent research and development, as well as constant investment.

This has been an important factor in ensuring robust progress in science and technology in the last decade. An excellent example of such success was the experience of the city of Lianyungang (Jiangsu Province). Over the past years, the city has become the first in many national and international indicators.

The world’s longest blade for a wind turbine was installed here, and for the first time in the world, a set of 8.8-meter microprocessor-equipped scraper conveyors for the mining industry was launched. Lianyungang is the city where China’s first domestic carbon fiber production line with a capacity of 10,000 tons was installed. Local pharmacologists have developed 20 new drugs. Thanks to the policy of local authorities, 449 high and new technology enterprises were established in the city by 2021, which is 10 times more than in 2012.

China participates in a number of major international scientific programs and projects (ITER, GEO, SKA), conducts exchanges with global partners in the field of healthcare, climate change, clean energy, artificial intelligence, biomedicine, modern agriculture, while offering its technological solutions to world problems .

Payment services, calling a taxi, sending messages via a mobile phone – all this is becoming indispensable for almost everyone. China’s progress in this regard has allowed it to stand out among other countries, to become a powerful engine of high-quality national development.

Despite external factors such as COVID-19, in recent years, digital technologies have been continuously transforming traditional industries and promoting innovation. Against the backdrop of the rapid growth of online commerce, new business models are emerging – for example, real-time selling, online education, remote medical consultations, teleworking.

In the past decade, amid an increased focus on innovation, science and technology in China have advanced with unprecedented momentum. Achievements and discoveries are being introduced into life to an unprecedented degree. Profound changes are taking place in the methods of production, the way people live, the way the economy functions.

2022 as a whole passed in China under the sign of tougher repression. Breaking a long tradition, Xi Jinping secured his third term as General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee and became the most influential leader since Mao Zedong. In October, an unidentified person placed two banners on one of Beijing’s bridges calling for the removal of the “dictatorial traitor” Xi and guaranteeing freedom and universal suffrage for the Chinese. This single act of protest caused a wave of solidarity in the world.

Authorities tightened covid restrictions and repeatedly and unpredictably quarantined hundreds of millions of people. In some cases, it came to blocking houses with barbed wire, rebar and barricades. There were also reports of privacy violations, censorship, job problems, and abuse by police and paramedics who were kicked and poked to enforce the quarantine. In Tibet and Xinjiang, the population complained about even more draconian measures imposed by local authorities against the backdrop of severe restrictions on rights and freedoms already in place.

China experienced the worst heat wave on record, resulting in massive power outages and forcing the authorities to return to coal-fired power generation, reaffirming the need for a clean energy transition.

In Hong Kong, the central government and local administration continued their crackdown on rights and freedoms. The actual appointment by Beijing of Hong Kong’s chief of staff, John Lee, who has a long track record in police and security, suggests that this negative trend is likely to continue.

There has been increasing international attention to human rights violations in China. In June, the Uighur Forced Labor Prevention Act came into force in the United States, introducing a presumption that all goods from Xinjiang were produced using forced labor and prohibited from importing. In August, a report by the former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights was released, concluding that the violations in Xinjiang “could amount to crimes against humanity.”