The world’s leading analytical companies presented their forecasts for the development of information technology in the world in 2023. Let’s take a look at these forecasts.
The New Year is approaching, when our planet will begin to make its next circle around the Sun, as it has already done 4.453 billion times. We can expect that as the Earth flies through the airless space for the next 12 months, something interesting will happen on its surface. For example, in the field of IT.
At the same time, most analysts, taught by bitter experience, agree that all forecasts are amicable writing with a pitchfork on the water. In reality, some kind of conditional pandemic may again happen, which will make Zoom one of the kings of IT and dramatically strengthen the position of manufacturers of tools for remote work. In addition, everyone will rush to create digital channels for online trading. Sales of laptops, smartphones and tablets will explode as people will have to work from home and children will have to study.
Then, when the economy (and IT) in the world had just begun to recover from the pandemic, a domestic special operation took place, energy prices went up, inflation accelerated, the economy was on the verge of a recession, and in Europe great difficulties began with electricity. So big that a number of industries have closed, and the implementation of 5G has been suspended, because the number one task has become to simply pay electricity bills.
China also added fuel to the fire, closing entire cities (in particular, Shanghai) for coronavirus lockdowns, after which a huge number of containers with the goods the companies needed were blocked in the port. Or they announced a quarantine at the factory, after which disgruntled and hungry employees stopped the production of iPhone smartphones.
One can, of course, optimistically assume that in 2023 everything will be fine, calm, no stresses are expected for the world and the economy, development will be progressive and even, but it is hard to believe in this. In particular, we note that it is possible that next year there will be a collapse in oil prices in the world and countries whose well-being is largely dependent on energy supplies will invest less in the development of the IT market. But this will not affect the mainstream technological development of the world in general.
We emphasize that different analytical companies predict the general direction of the global IT movement in different ways, but there are also common points in their forecasts.
Experts from the analytical company Gartner believe that in 2023 there will be noticeable technological trends that can be divided into three groups. The first group is related to the optimization of IT systems in order to increase their reliability, as well as to improve the decision-making process based on data.
The second group of trends involves providing Internet connectivity everywhere. And the third group of trends is the emergence of new business models, the creation of new means of interaction with employees and customers, as well as the emergence of strategies for entering virtual markets.
In total, we conclude that Gartner is betting on AI, new means of accessing the Internet, as well as virtual worlds.
In all these areas, experts urge to move, taking into account sustainable development and keeping environmental issues in mind. Even the term “sustainable by default” has appeared.
Now about the individual trends predicted by Gartner experts. There are ten of them.
The first group includes the trend towards the increasing use of digital immune systems (DIS), in fact, a set of strategies to protect against risks, including operational risks and security risks for IT solutions.
The second trend is a course towards applied observability (Applied Observability, we recall that observability in control theory is a system property that shows whether it is possible to completely restore information about the system states using the system output data – in our case, these are metrics, logs and traces. In The IT concept of observability is directly related to monitoring the state of the system.
Note that in Russian such terms as “Suitability for monitoring” are used, but more often the concept of Observability is used without translation). The course towards applied observability, according to Gartner analysts, involves the use of raw data, context, and the use of analytical tools. The topic, by the way, is not new, but Gartner believes that it will become one of the next year’s IT trends.
The next trend is AI reliability, risk and security management (AI Trim, from the words trust, risk and security management), which involves methods for explaining the results of AI applications, controlling their transparency and fairness, as well as managing privacy and tracking ethical issues.
Let’s move on to the second group of Gartner trends. The leader there is such a trend as the development of industrial cloud platforms (Industry Cloud Platforms), which combine SaaS, PaaS and IaaS, and at the same time have specific functionality for solving industrial problems.
Another trend is the formation of an engineering process for creating new platforms (Platform Engineering), which offer tools and opportunities for developers and allow faster creation of finished digital products.
The last trend of the second group is Wireless-Value Realization. It involves the increasing use of wireless communications, including RFID tags.
The third group of trends includes the creation of Superpipes, on the basis of which third-party companies and developers can create their own mini-apps.