The volume of the world market of “Industry 4.0” in 2021 will be $64.9 billion. The delay in Russia in the development of digital technologies, according to various estimates, is from 5 to 10 years: the demand of the manufacturing industry for digital technologies in 2020 was estimated at ₽41, 5 billion, by 2030 it can grow to ₽587.5 billion.
The list of the most popular digital technologies includes industrial robots, artificial intelligence, machine learning, digital prototyping, and sensors. In the future, they will be joined by wireless communication technologies, new manufacturing technologies, and virtual and augmented reality technologies.
The global market of “Industry 4.0”
According to Markets and Markets forecasts, the size of the Industry 4.0 market in 2021 will be $64.9 billion, and by 2026 it will grow to $165.
which is leading to an increase in demand for industrial robots in the production of pharmaceutical and medical devices, an increase in public investment in 3D printing and additive manufacturing, and the introduction of blockchain technology in the manufacturing industry. industry.
The world leaders in the field of digital transformation of industry are the countries of the Asia-Pacific region (China, Japan, South Korea), the UK, the countries of the European Union (primarily Germany and France), the USA and Canada.
The current level of digital maturity of various industries differs significantly. So, according to the Boston Consulting Group, in the mining and metallurgical sector, it lags behind by 30-40%. However, even here, the leading companies achieve significant results with the help of digital, for example.
an increase in production by 10-20% or an increase in drilling productivity by 20-30%. Most metals and mining companies have already adopted ambitious digital strategies, but the gap between the strategy itself and its implementation is too large, especially when compared to other industries.
In Russia, no one has yet calculated the size of the Industry 4. According to Maxim Minkovsky, commercial director of Tegus, most sectors of the Russian industry face the problems of adapting to the new digital reality: mechanical engineering, fuel and energy complex, energy, pharmaceuticals.
Slightly better things are in the automotive industry and metallurgy. The list of companies actively moving towards digitalization includes NLMK, MMK, KAMAZ, and the Kalashnikov concern.
Pavel Stadnik, director of the Center for Strategic Development of Lanita-Integration (Lanita group), recalls that the level of digitalization reflects the overall level of maturity of the company – its business model, organizational structure, quality of human capital, financing model. If one of the components is not fully defined or falls behind, this slows down the quality of IT transformation. And while there are many such enterprises in the country.
“No one has 100% digitalization, that is, a complete transfer of all the activities of an enterprise to a digital environment. In some areas, the level is higher, but this is basically a backlog from the past, before digitalization: PLM, ERP, MES and other systems,” agrees Andrey Yushin, director of business development at Jet Info systems.
“In old enterprises, the state of the main equipment and technologies often does not allow integrating units and personnel into a digital circuit and starting to make decisions based on data. There is some distrust of ordinary employees to the figure.
But the main problem with the digitalization of Russian industry is its patchwork and unsystematic nature. The situation is much better with new sites, which are initially designed with an eye to digital,” continues Vladimir Sakharov, CEO of Datana (Lanita group).
Igor Eldest, business development director of IT company Croc in the oil and gas and chemical industries, is confident that in the coming years we can expect a larger transition from piloting end-to-end technologies to their full implementation in specific production processes of industrial enterprises.
“When comparing the level of digitalization of industry in Russia with other countries, it is important not to generalize, but to talk about specific examples of the introduction of technologies into the work of certain companies,” recalls Yuliya Syutkina, Vice President of ICS Holding. “However, it can be noted that the most complex scenarios are still noted by our Western colleagues.”
In accordance with the results of an expert survey and estimates by the Institute for Statistical Research and Economics of Knowledge of the National Research University Higher School of Economics (ISSEK HSE), the demand of the manufacturing industry for digital technologies in 2020 was estimated at ₽41.5 billion with the prospect of growth by 14 times by 2030 to ₽587.5 billion
According to a study of the digital transformation of Russian companies organized by SAP and Deloitte, CIS, the level of digital maturity of the Russian industry lags far behind the global one. So, in one of the most developed industries – the automotive industry, it is 2.6 against 3.6 in the world, and in mechanical engineering – 1.6 against 3.4 in the world.
It says that in Russia one of the leaders in digitalization is the manufacturing industry – according to ISSEK estimates, its digitalization index is 36 points out of 100.
The directions of development of Russian industrial companies correspond to global trends, but the pace of implementation of digital initiatives is noticeably behind the pace of leading countries. Russia’s delay in mastering digital technologies, according to various estimates, is about 5-10 years, which is due, among other things, to the negative impact of sanctions that have made it difficult to access advanced foreign technologies.